Public opinion towards the European Union in Turkey is a relatively understudied area. Although previous studies have identified some important factors that influence individual support for the European Union, such as material expectations and democratic attitudes, the role of other factors, such as the perceived political benefits and threats, have not been addressed. The purpose of this paper is to test group-centricism arguments, which suggest that identity, group-based interests, and perceived threats are important determinants of attitudes. An analysis of data from the latest available Eurobarometer Survey shows that symbolic politics and perceived benefits play an important role in shaping individual attitudes towards the EU in Turkey. While subjective material and political expectations increase pro-EU attitudes, the strength of national identity and perceived material and cultural threats to the nation are crucial in decreasing support for the EU.