The Middle East region has always remained the centre of attraction for major powers due to its geostrategic importance and huge energy resources. The Middle East, due to hosting many ethnic and religious nationalities, has been a conflictprone region, facing various conflicts and crises that not only make regional states confront each other but also invite extraregional powers to play their role. The paper aims at highlighting the current situation in the Middle East by taking Syria as a case study. After 2011, the civil war in Syria and the subsequent instability provided Russia and the United States with an opportunity to support opposing factions engaged in war. The theme of involvement by extraregional powers in regional conflicts having negative implications for regional peace and stability will be discussed in this paper.