Third parties have grown increasingly
relevant in European politics in recent years,
with the rise of status-quo changing parties
such as Podemos in Spain, Syriza in Greece,
UKIP in Britain and the Front National
in France. This article aims to bridge the
gap in the comparative politics literature by
introducing two new types of third parties in
European politics through their bargaining and
mediation, crisis behavior and electoral appeal.
In doing so, this study proposes that leadership
cult, localization of support and rigidness of
ideology varies across third parties, due to the
existence of two types of third parties; conveyor
coalitions and corrective parties. The article
uses the case studies of Syriza and Podemos as
‘conveyor coalitions’ and of the Front National
and UKIP as ‘corrective parties’. By introducing
these two new concepts, the article attempts
to bestow future scholarly studies with better
tools for predicting and studying rapidly rising
populist parties.