Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan can be defined
as Small Powers because their actions in the
international arena are relatively limited.
At the same time, these two countries have
significant reserves of oil and natural gas that
allow them to maximize opportunities and use
their potential for achieving national interests.
The availability of energy is an important
driver that affects the formation of their
foreign policies. Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan
are geographically located on opposite sides
of the Caspian Sea. This geographic feature
affects their energy strategy and foreign policy.
Although energy field exploitation and the
formation of export routes appear as a common
strategy; there emerge differences in terms of
timing and partnership development and level
of success in implementation. This article is a
comparative study on the cases of Azerbaijan
and Turkmenistan, in which it elaborates on
how common and different conditions of the
energy factor can affect the capacity of these
two Small Powers.