Fifth Summit Cover

“The United States, NATO, the European Union, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the Council of Europe (CoE) had all put their stamps on the new security environments in Europe and Eurasia after the end of the Cold War, and the worldwide international security architecture in the early 1990s was refigured by the new hegemonies of the international system. However, early enthusiasm over the victory ofliberal values in the international arena soon withered, and policymakers, academicians and commentators began articulating thefact that the world in the late 20th century was turning out to be a more complicated and complex yet still dangerous place.

I use the metaphor of “twilight” to define the strange world we now live in, and I believe that world politics have been passing through twilight years in the late 20th and initial decades of the 21st century. This is not only because of the relative erosion in American preeminence in global politics and economics and the rise of the Asia Pacific, China or India or the non-Western World in general, but also due to the proliferation of new actors in world politics and even the changing nature of conventional actors in this ever globalizing politics and economics. In addition to the conventional threats and challenges at the state level, the proliferation of new dangers, threats and challenges emanating from non-state actors in the international arena were stamped on even NATO’s often-cited strategy concept in 2010.”

Prof. Ali Resul Usul
SAM Chairman