The United Nations High Commissioner
for Refugees has conducted activities in
refugee producing countries to provide the
sustainability of voluntary repatriation as the
most preferred durable solution. The literature
on UNHCR’s increasing activities of this sort
has a rather normative focus, questioning
whether UNHCR should be involved in such
activities. However, it mainly lacks discussions
on how the effectiveness of 4Rs activities may
be increased. This article is an attempt to fill
this gap in the literature by examining the
effectiveness of 4Rs activities in Afghanistan.
It argues that increasing Afghanistan’s
national capacity for compliance through
increasing support among domestic actors such
as Afghan government officials and the public
by persuasion and shared norms is likely to
increase the effectiveness of the international
refugee regime. The article seeks to identify the
factors that are likely to shape the opinions
of the domestic actors and to make tentative
suggestions for increasing support among them
for 4Rs activities.