The goal for this special issue on political psychology is twofold. The first is the need to consider different perspectives in foreign policy analysis. Neither a single theoretical understanding of foreign relations between states nor a deterministic state-level analysis is capable of truly depicting relations among states. Today, these scholarly tools are considered to be rudimentary at best, and this special issue seeks to expand our knowledge in this field by drawing attention to possible contributions from newer approaches. Second, foreign policy analysis has various determinants. To find answers to this complex net of relations, where at the end a decision has to be taken and an event occurs, one needs to employ analytical methods that offer sensible inferences of the outcome. Insights from political psychology are of particular use in this endeavour.