The Euro crisis, which has had deep economic,
social and political implications for the European
Union (EU), has revived the debates on the
future model of European integration. In this
respect, the establishment of a European political
union has been advocated as a way of restoring
shattered confidence in the EU. Whereas these
debates recall neofunctionalist/supranationalist
approaches to European political integration, the
enduring crucial role of national preferences in
the integration process keep intergovernmentalist
arguments on the agenda as well. Furthermore,
the increasing divergences within the EU
endanger the unity and cohesion required by a
political union, bringing forward arguments
in favour of differentiated integration as an
alternative model for post-crisis Europe. This
paper aims to analyse the implications of the crisis
for the EU on theoretical grounds, elaborating
on the debates over a future model of integration
for post-crisis Europe. It is mainly argued that
these debates reveal the persisting complexity of
reconciliation on the possibilities and means
of building a European political union and
stimulate conventional controversies rather than
clarifying the finality politique of the EU.