This article examines the structure of resource
mobilization for the Islamic State by focusing
on its recruitment mechanism. This mechanism
consists of several actors, and their relationships
and interactions are quite important for
successful recruitment. Since Islamic extremist
organizations need to avoid unreliable
members, their resource mobilization in
general and recruitment in particular have to
be conducted through personal networks, such
as kinship networks of each activist. Following
the Islamic extremists’ success in agitations
and propaganda done in cyber space, changes
have appeared in the recruitment mechanism
as well. Thus, nowadays, the mechanism
is formed by “Muhajirun”, “recruiters”,
“coordinators”, “temporary and real accepters”,
and “disseminators”. Detailed observations
of each actor and their nature, function, and
even location reveal several important findings.
Furthermore, these findings provide valuable
insights about the threat potential of the Islamic
State, and of providing counter measures
against it. As a consequence, it is possible to
say that an effective obstruction of the Islamic
State’s resource mobilization is as important
as direct military actions or police measures
against it.