When the Turkic-speaking states
gained their independence from the
Soviet Union, which disintegrated
largely peacefully towards the end
of 1991, few international experts
realized the significance of the newly
independent Turkic-speaking states
for the international system. Today,
it is a widely shared belief that the
independence of the Turkic-speaking
states has substantially transformed
not only the regional makeup of the
Caucasus and Central Asia but also the
interactions between the post-Soviet
space and its neighbouring regions.