Turkey and Russia are working to transform their century-long geopolitical disputes into a geo-economic partnership. From the 2000s onwards, there have been rapid improvements in the political-diplomatic relations between the two countries. In recent years, Turkey-Russia relations have been gradually transforming thanks to the constructive and peaceful approaches embraced by Ankara and Moscow. Ankara and Moscow’s approach to international problems generally tends to exhibit overlaps or similarities. For many years both sides have expressed their desire for bilateral relations not to remain merely economic, also encompassing regional and global interests, and being based on shared trust and respect. Relations between Turkey and Russia are often described through various terms such as “strategic.” Nonetheless, the existence of some problems between the two countries cannot be denied, even though they are not explicitly voiced. The general structure of Turkish-Russian relations implies that in the coming years, cooperation and competition will remain as determining factors.

Key Words

Turkish-Russian relations, strategic partnership, cooperation, competition.


With their historical, ethnic and cultural ties, and geographical positioning, Turkey and Russia occupy a highly significant position in terms of maintaining global and regional peace, as well as development and cooperation in their respective regions. The relations between Turkey and Russia span over 500 years. Throughout this period, their economic, political, historic and cultural bearings have impacted each other, and the other countries and communities with which they have entered into relations. The present day relations between Turkey and Russia are the product of various phases that have followed a meandering path. Periodic instances of conflict and cooperation characterize this historical past, which have left deep marks in the social memory of both countries.