This paper attempts to understand the gradual
“civilian” shift in Turkish foreign policy
in the first decade of the 2000s through its
development cooperation activities in the
Africa region. To this aim, by applying the
“civilian power” role concept developed by
François Duchêne, it first investigates how
Turkey’s 1) domestic democratic and economic
preconditions, 2) normative commitments,
and 3) power instruments evolved throughout
history to make it possible to talk about
an emerging “civilian role” in Turkish
foreign policy during the first decade of the
2000s. Then it looks more closely at Turkey’s
civilian foreign policy practice through the
“development cooperation” activities of the
Turkish Cooperation and Coordination
Agency (TİKA) across Africa and specifically
in Somalia throughout the 2000s. Finally
the paper will question whether this specific
development cooperation policy has so far been
successful in constructing a credible “civilian
foreign policy role” for Turkey in the Africa