Turkey had pursued a foreign policy in the Middle East that focused on transformative conflict resolution until the beginning of the “Arab Spring”. This transformative conflict resolution approach had aimed at bringing holistic and systemic change to the entire region. Turkish foreign policy had aimed at transforming the conflict producing structures, tried to engage positively with the actors and elites and attempted to change the securitydominated agenda into a multi-dimensional agenda. Despite the dominant discourse of the transformative conflict resolution, in practice the most effective conflict resolution methods and tools that Turkey utilised during this period fell under the management approaches. Turkey’s normative concerns and priorities did not overlap with the priorities of other influential actors in the region. Furthermore the gap between transformative discourse and management practice has widened since Turkey became involved more directly with ongoing crises in the region.
- Perceptions Spring 2017
- Introduction: Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of the Independence of the Turkic-Speaking States, Oktay F. TANRISEVER
- Trade Relations Between Turkey and Kazakhstan on the 25th Anniversary of Kazakhstan’s Independence, Nevzat ŞİMŞEK, Cengizhan CANALTAY, Hayal Ayça ŞİMŞEK
- Reconsidering Azerbaijan’s Foreign Policy on the 25th Anniversary of Restored Independence, Arastu HABİBBEYLİ