Abstract

Since the AK Party assumed power in 2002, Turkish foreign policy has gone through a tremendous change both in its content and scope. The most striking and ‘new’ aspect of Turkey’s foreign policy has been toward Africa and Asia. This article examines and offers a holistic view of these developments. African opening represents a perfect convergence of civil society and state cooperation and bear fruit in political, economic and social terms in a very short time. However, the most important implication is that it aims to conceptualize a ‘new’ Africa in Turkey by overcoming the image of two separate Africa: Sub-Saharan Africa and North Africa. Ankara’s Asia policy has been shaped with an intention of placing the existing relations “in a certain systematic” with the Turkic republics in Central Asia; to reach “a policy of normalization” with countries like China and India; and to follow certain political and economic policies to translate relations “from normal to deep cooperation” with countries like South Korea and Japan.

Key Words

Turkish foreign policy, Africa, Asia, China, India.

Introduction

Following the AK Party’s accession to power in 2002, Turkey’s foreign policy opening towards long-neglected regions has been gaining more depth and diversity. Among these initiatives, the most striking and in some aspects the most “novel” opening has been the relations developed with Africa and Asia. To place these relations within the general course of Turkish foreign policy is of importance in understanding both the general direction of these relations and their possible inclinations.