As the United States and Turkey enter the third decade following the end of the Cold War, they are enjoying a new cooperative era in their relationship. Their partnership has recently been enhanced by overlapping perspectives on the unprecedented transformation sweeping the Middle East as well as in a number of other regional and functional areas.

This report is the product of a joint effort by the Center for Strategic Research at the Ministry of the Foreign Affairs of Turkey (SAM) and the CSIS Turkey Project. It incorporates the perspectives from both sides of the relationship, and in addition to examining the opportunities and challenges the alliance has confronted in the past six decades, it looks ahead to those it is likely to face in the future.