Some Middle Eastern states have proposed
massive projects for building nuclear power
plants (NPP) as part of their energy security
plans to cut down reliance on electricity
production from gas or hydro resources. The
gold standard of attaining nuclear energy
was introduced to the region by the UAE’s
experience and then Turkey came up with the
BOO model of acquisition for its first NPP. The
attraction of the BOO model is not only the
financial relief that it brings for the aspirant
country, but also the non-proliferation
characteristics it carries. Turkey’s second
attempt at a BOT model nuclear plant is also
in line with its aim of developing civilian
nuclear energy, along with international nonproliferation
frameworks. This paper examines
why and how Turkey launched its civilian
nuclear project as part of its energy supply
security trajectory and where it currently
stands in the Middle East from the perspective
of nuclear non-proliferation.