SAM Papers No 18:
Hard Fighting In The Caucasus: The Azerbaijani Armed Forces’ Combat Performance and Military Strategy In The 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh War

Dr. Can Kasapoğlu

The 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh clashes marked more than a bonan-za between two belligerents. In essence, the war was fought be-tween two strategic paradigms, one belonging to the 21st century and the other the remnant of 20th century military thinking. On the one hand, the Azerbaijani Armed Forces showcased the zeitgeist through the systematic use of unmanned systems, net-work-centric operational art and information superiority on the battleground. On the other hand, the Armenian formations relied on heavily fortified defensive positions along a tough landscape, ballistic missiles to escalate the conflict, as well as Soviet-Russian doctrines prioritizing overwhelming fire-power through eche-loned defenses. Eventually, Azerbaijan scored an undeniable vic-tory and the Azerbaijani campaign recaptured a large portion of the occupied territories.

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